Essays On Inequality And Social Policy Education Crime And Health

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The Inequality and Wealth Concentration Ph.D. Scholars

The Malcolm Hewitt Wiener Ph.D. Scholars in Poverty and Justice

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$32,000 dissertation stipend + $5,000 research funds

New lines of research
Top-end income inequality and wealth concentration

A distinctive component aims to spur new empirical research that contributes to our understanding of top-end inequality and wealth concentration, the main drivers of U.S. economic inequality in recent decades.

Significant resources are available for students pursuing research on the determinants of trends at the top of the distribution and their economic, political, social, or policy consequences.

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Studies in Poverty, Inequality and Social Exclusion:
A Series by The Policy Press

Series Editor: David Gordon, Director of the Townsend Centre for International Poverty Research, University of Bristol

"Poverty, inequality and social exclusion remain the most fundamental problems that people face in the 21st century. This comprehensive series, published in association with the prestigious Townsend Centre for International Poverty Research at the University of Bristol, makes cutting-edge poverty-related research more widely available.

Publications, in a variety of formats including books and reports:

  • develop practical policies and solutions for the alleviation and eventual ending of world poverty;
  • ensure greater understanding of both the ‘scientific’ and ‘subjective’ measurement of poverty, inequality and social exclusion;
  • provide investigations into the causes of poverty and exclusion;
  • analyse the costs and consequences of poverty and exclusion for individuals, groups, families, communities and societies;
  • include research into theoretical and conceptual issues of the definition and perceptions of poverty and exclusion;
  • and enable wide dissemination of the policy implications of research into poverty and exclusion.

The Studies in Poverty, Inequality and Social Exclusion Series provides a high quality outlet for the publication of research from a variety of different disciplines on poverty in both the industrialised and ‘developing’ world. Different disciplines include: child health, economics, education, geographical science and demography, health and ageing, international development studies, law, mental health, social medicine, sociology, policy studies and politics.

Series Audience: students, researchers, academics and policy makers working in a range of disciplines, including the social sciences, historical studies and health. All those concerned with tackling health inequalities and social justice generally."

— The Policy Press

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Publications from the Poverty, Inequality and Social Exclusion Series

Fighting poverty, inequality and injustice:
A manifesto inspired by Peter Townsend

Edited by Alan Walker, Adrian Sinfield and Carol Walker, June 2011 304 pages. Paperback (ISBN 9781847427144), Hardback (ISBN 9781847427144). Paperback £17.59, Hardback £52.00. Published by The Policy Press Series: Studies in Poverty, Inequality and Social Exclusion.

“Peter Townsend was the greatest British social scientist of the 20th Century. This book, by leading experts, clearly explains Townsend's contribution to knowledge and how his ideas will influence research and policy in the future.”
— David Gordon, Townsend Centre for International Poverty Research, University of Bristol

Synopsis: This important book makes a vital academic and political statement in the cause of social justice. It begins with an appreciation of the seminal contributions of Peter Townsend (1928-2009) and applies them to contemporary policy debates. It brings together many of the leading contributors to current debates in this field and provides a compelling manifesto for change for students and researchers in the social sciences, policy makers and practitioners, and everybody with an interest in creating a more equal and socially just society.

Contents: Peter Townsend's Legacy - Adrian Sinfield, Alan Walker and Carol Walker; The making of a pioneer researcher - Paul Thompson; Section A: Poverty and Inequality: The case for universal child benefit - Tony Atkinson; The understanding of poverty transformed - Jonathan Bradshaw; Social Justice for children: investigating and eradicating child poverty - Ruth Lister; Peter Townsend and the paradigm shift in the science of poverty - David Gordon; Means testing and universalism - Carol Walker; Underclass, Overclass, Ruling-class, Supernova-class - Danny Dorling; Section B: Health Inequalities: Addressing health inequalities: building on Peter Townsend's legacy - Margaret Whitehead; Public accountability and the modern university - Allyson Pollock and Sarah Boesveld; Section C: Ageing: Towards a new sociology of ageing: from structured dependency to critical gerontology - Chris Phillipson; Section D: Human Rights: Putting the lawyers in their place: the role of human rights in the struggle against poverty - Conor Gearty; Section E: Gender and Family Relationships: Townsend's insights into family relationships and their relevance to contemporary policy debates - Hilary Land and Hilary Rose; Section F: Disability: Disability: prospects for social inclusion - Carol Thomas; Radicalising social policy in the 21st century: a global approach - Bob Deacon and Nicola Yeates; Conclusion: building on the legacy - Adrian Sinfield, Alan Walker and Carol Walker.

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Down and out:
Poverty and exclusion in Australia

By Peter Saunders, April 2011, 304 pages. Paperback (ISBN 9781847428387), Hardback (ISBN 9781847428394). Paperback £21.59, Hardback £56.00. Published by The Policy Press Series: Studies in Poverty, Inequality and Social Exclusion.

“This book represents a significant advance to poverty and exclusion research in Australia and internationally, it is essential reading for anyone interested in this rapidly changing field.”
— David Gordon, Townsend Centre for International Poverty Research, University of Bristol

“This book does an outstanding job of teasing out the relationships between low income, deprivation and social exclusion, analysed in an Australian context but with many lessons for anyone interested in identifying and addressing disadvantage.”
— Brian Nolan, University College Dublin

“This book moves us beyond the study of poverty using conventional income measures and introduces a range of other ways of studying poverty,deprivation and exclusion. The ideas and applications have lessons for all those involved in research on poverty and living standards.”
— Jonathan Bradshaw, Professor of Social Policy, University of York.

Synopsis: This landmark study provides the first comprehensive assessment of the nature and associations between the three main forms of social disadvantage in Australia: poverty, deprivation and social exclusion. Drawing on the author's extensive research expertise and his links with welfare practitioners, it explains the limitations of existing approaches and presents new findings that build on the insights of disadvantaged Australians and views about the essentials of life, providing the basis for a new deprivation-based poverty measure.

Peter Saunders is one of Australia's leading poverty researchers with an international reputation for his work in that and related fields. His work on poverty and inequality led to his election as a Fellow of the Academy of the Social Sciences and his appointment as a UNSW Scientia Professor. He has is currently President of the Australian Social Policy Association and of the Foundation for International Studies on Social Security.

Contents: Introduction and overview; Income poverty; Beyond low income: Economic resources, financial hardship and poverty; Experiencing poverty: The voices of poverty and disadvantage; Identifying the essentials of life; Measuring deprivation; A new poverty measure; Defining social exclusion and the social inclusion agenda; Identifying social exclusion; Implications for research and policy.

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The Peter Townsend Reader

Edited by Alan Walker, David Gordon, Ruth Levitas, Peter Phillimore, Chris Phillipson, Margot E. Salomon, Nicola Yeates, Jan 2010, 696 pages. Paperback (ISBN 9781847424044), Hardback (ISBN 9781847424051). Paperback £19.99, Hardback £56.00. Published by The Policy Press.

“A valuable selection from the writings of an outstanding sociologist whose analyses have greatly enriched our understanding of social policy and its impact on people’s lives and the wider society.”
— Adrian Sinfield, Professor Emeritus of Social Policy, School of Social and Political Science, University of Edinburgh.

“This collection of Peter Townsend's writing is a tribute to his breadth of scholarship, and the superb clarity of his writing and his commitment will continue to inspire social scientists.”
— Professor Jonathan Bradshaw, Department of Social Policy and Social work, University of York

Synopsis: Peter Townsend, who sadly passed away in June 2009, had a long career researching an exceptional range of topics within the social sciences and campaigning against social inequalities. This reader brings together for the first time a collection of his most distinctive work, allowing readers to review changes and continuities over the past six decades and reflect on social issues that have returned to the fore today. A particular feature of the volume is in tracing the links between empirical evidence and both social theory and social policy and how those disciplines intersect. This reader will provide a teaching and learning resource for students in different disciplines of the social sciences and will also provide an insight into the development of one scientist's entire intellectual approach. We hope it will be a fitting memorial to his life and work.

Contents: Introduction; Section I: Sociology and social policy - edited by Alan Walker; Section II: From welfare state to international welfare - edited by Nicola Yeates; Section III: Poverty - edited by David Gordon; Section IV: Inequality and social exclusion - edited by Ruth Levitas; Section V: Health inequalities and health policy - edited by Peter Phillimore; Section VI: Older people - edited by Chris Phillipson; Section VII: Disability - edited by Alan Walker; Section VIII: Social justice and human rights - edited by Margot E. Salomon.

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Exploring concepts of child well-being:
Implications for children's services

By Nick Axford, March 2008,272 pages, Hardback (ISBN 9781847420657), £52.00. Published by The Policy Press Series: Studies in Poverty, Inequality and Social Exclusion.

"Children's needs, rights, material resources, quality of life and inclusion do not identify the same target groups, and they call forth different 'service styles'. In a rigorous, scholarly yet readable way, the author casts light on the differences between these bases for official intervention in children's lives."
— Bill Jordan, Professor of Social Policy, University of Plymouth and University of Huddersfield

"This book moves effortlessly and clearly from ideas about well-being, through their measurement, to policy proposals. It is essential reading for those concerned with children's well-being, but I hope that its message will attract a wider audience."
— Ian Gough, Professor of Social Policy, University of Bath

Synopsis: This book provides an understanding of what child welfare is, explores how it can be measured and sets out the implications for children's services in incorporating child well-being into their work.

Full Description: Policy reforms to children's services in the UK and elsewhere encourage a greater focus on outcomes defined in terms of child well-being. Yet for this to happen, we need not only a better understanding of what child well-being is and how services can improve it, but also the ability to measure child well-being in order to evaluate success.

This book investigates the main approaches to conceptualising child well-being, applies them to the child population using household survey and agency audit data, then considers the implications for children's services. The author:

  • provides a clear conceptual understanding of five perspectives on well-being: need, rights, poverty, quality of life and social exclusion
  • demonstrates the value of each perspective
  • charts levels of child well-being in an inner-London community, including violated rights and social exclusion
  • sets out the features that children's services must have if they are to improve child well-being defined in these terms

This book should be read by everyone involved in developing, implementing and evaluating children's services, including researchers, policy makers and practitioners.

Nick Axford is a Researcher at Dartington Social Research Unit, UK. He has worked on numerous projects to measure child well-being in service and community contexts and then use the results to design new services.

Contents: Introduction; Part one: Defining and measuring the concepts: Need; Rights; Poverty; Quality of life; Social exclusion; Relationships between the concepts; Part two: The measures applied to children: Prevalence rates and distinguishing features; Relationships between the conditions; Part three: Implications for children's services: Matching conditions and service styles; Developing congruent children's services; Conclusions.

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Poverty and social exclusion in Britain:
The millennium survey

Edited by Christina Pantazis, David Gordon and Ruth Levitas, University of Bristol, January, 2006, 512 pages, Paperback (ISBN 1861343736), £19.99. Published by
The Policy Press.

Full Description: This book is the most authoritative study of poverty and social exclusion in Britain at the start of the 21st century. It reports on the most comprehensive survey of poverty and social exclusion, ever to be undertaken in Britain: The Poverty and Social Exclusion Survey. This enormously rich data set records levels of poverty not just in terms of income and wealth but by including information about the goods and services which the British public say are necessary to avoid poverty.

The relationship between poverty and factors such as age, gender and paid work are explored, as well as other social issues such as crime and neighbourhood disadvantage. Poverty and social exclusion in Britain:

  • charts the extent and nature of material and social deprivation and exclusion in Britain at the end of the 20th century;
  • makes the first ever measurement of the extent of social exclusion based on a survey specifically designed for this purpose;
  • provides a clear conceptual understanding of poverty and social exclusion from both an national and international perspective.

This important book should be read by officials and policy makers in national and local government, NGOs, charities and voluntary organisations dealing with poverty and social exclusion. It will also be required reading for academics and students of social policy, sociology, public health, economics and politics.

Studies in poverty, inequality and social exclusion series Series Editor: David Gordon, Director, Townsend Centre for International Poverty Research. Poverty, inequality and social exclusion remain the most fundamental problems that humanity faces in the 21st century. This exciting series, published in association with the Townsend Centre for International Poverty Research at the University of Bristol, aims to make cutting-edge poverty related research more widely available. Christina Pantazis is Head of the Centre for the Study of Poverty and Social Justice in the School for Policy Studies, David Gordon is Professor of Social Justice and Director of the Townsend Centre for International Poverty Research and Ruth Levitas is Professor of Sociology and (from 2006) Head of Department, all at the University of Bristol, UK.

Contents: Introduction Dave Gordon, Ruth Levitas and Christina Pantazis; Section One: Principles: The concept and measurement of poverty ~ Dave Gordon; The measurement of absolute and overall poverty ~ Peter Townsend and Christina Pantazis; The necessities of life Christina Pantazis, Dave Gordon and Peter Townsend; The concept and measurement of social exclusion ~ Ruth Levitas; Section Two: Processes: Does work pay? Employment, poverty and social exclusion from social relations ~ Nick Bailey; Debt and financial exclusion ~ Stephen McKay and Sharon Collard; Social exclusion and local services ~ Tania Fisher and Glen Bramley; Crime 'disorder' and insecurity and social exclusion ~ Christina Pantazis; Mental health, poverty and social exclusion ~ Sarah Payne; Section Three: People: Child, poverty and social exclusion ~ Eva Lloyd; Youth, poverty and social exclusion ~ Eldin Fahmy; Gender, poverty and social exclusion Christina Pantazis and Elisabetta Ruspini; Lone mothers, poverty and social exclusion ~ Ruth Levitas, Emma Head and Naomi Finch; Pensioners, poverty and social exclusion ~ Demi Patsios; Conclusion ~ Dave Gordon, Ruth Levitas, Christina Pantazis and Peter Townsend.

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On the margins of inclusion:
Changing labour markets and social exclusion in London

By David M. Smith, September 2005, 256 pages, Paperback (ISBN 9781861346001), Hardback (ISBN 9781861346018). Paperback £17.59, Hardback £48.00. Published by The Policy Press Series: Studies in Poverty, Inequality and Social Exclusion.

WINNER OF THE SPA BEST NEW PUBLICATION AWARD 2007

"David Smith ably weaves a narrative on how changing labour markets and social policies affect the lives of economically marginalised individuals. ... I would highly recommend this book to anyone interested in issues surrounding marginality and exclusion in the post-industrial city."
— Urban Studies

Synopsis: On the margins of inclusion offers a fascinating account of how different groups of economically marginal people have adapted to and negotiate the offerings of a 'post industrial' labour market and a welfare system geared towards reintegrating them into formal employment. Through close ethnographic study of people living on a South London housing estate the book highlights collective strategies and responses to labour market and welfare changes and considers how these responses can, in themselves, contribute to patterns of community-based exclusion.

Full Description: On the margins of inclusion explores the notion of 'social exclusion' from the perspective of those deemed to be 'socially excluded' and provides a compelling and vivid portrait of lives at the insecure, low-paid end of the labour market. The ethnography is used to illuminate key issues in sociology and social policy and to tackle debates and controversies that are central to current discussions on the appropriate role and function of state welfare. A thorough discussion of current policies to address social exclusion and area regeneration is woven into the fieldwork analysis. On the margins of inclusion is essential reading for researchers, academics and higher-level students in sociology and social policy, and will also be of interest to policy makers in the field. Studies in poverty, inequality and social exclusion series Series Editor: David Gordon, Director, Townsend Centre for International Poverty Research. Poverty, inequality and social exclusion remain the most fundamental problems that humanity faces in the 21st century. This exciting series, published in association with the Townsend Centre for International Poverty Research at the University of Bristol, aims to make cutting-edge poverty related research more widely available. For other titles in this series, please follow the series link from the main catalogue page.

Contents: Introduction; Globalisation and social exclusion; Poverty and social exclusion: theory and policy; Life and labour on the St. Helier estate 1930-2000; Labour market opportunities and welfare-to-work; Lone parents, work and welfare; Informal opportunities and social divisions; Labour markets, exclusion and social capital; On the margins of inclusion.

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Discovering child poverty:
The creation of a policy agenda from 1800 to the present

By Lucinda Platt, January 2005, 156 pages, Paperback (ISBN 9781861345837), £11.99. Published by The Policy Press Series: Studies in Poverty, Inequality and Social Exclusion.

"Accessible and scholarly, pioneering and timely, this book will be invaluable to students, researchers and professionals seeking to understand the political significance of child poverty, its evolution as a concept and policy, and its importance in contemporary debate on the restructuring of the welfare state."
— Harry Hendrick, Institute of History, University of Southern Denmark

"Platt's analysis of the interplay of various perceptions of poverty and the proposed or actual policy responses is both detailed and nuanced, and much can be learned from it."
— Journal of Social Policy

Synopsis: This book charts key British developments in child welfare, child poverty research and state support for children from 1800 to the present day. With direct quotations from key sources, it argues that even in the face of clear evidence of hardship the response of policy makers to child poverty has been ambivalent.

Full Description: Child poverty is currently regarded by many as the 'number one' issue in Britain. Yet it has not always been so high on the policy agenda. What were attitudes to poor children 200 years ago? How did child poverty emerge as both a quantifiable and urgent issue? And how did policy makers respond? These are the questions that this book tackles. The book: · presents a broad but sophisticated overview of 200 years of investigation into and responses to the plight of poor children; · identifies key moments and figures of the period; · includes chapters on children and work, education and child poverty research to provide the essential context for the story of the 'discovery' of child poverty. Clearly and accessibly written, this book provides a concise but richly detailed account of the subject. It will appeal to policy makers, practitioners, researchers and all those with an interest in child poverty wishing to understand the antecedents of current research and policy. Studies in poverty, inequality and social exclusion series Series Editor: David Gordon, Director, Townsend Centre for International Poverty Research. Poverty, inequality and social exclusion remain the most fundamental problems that humanity faces in the 21st century. This exciting series, published in association with the Townsend Centre for International Poverty Research at the University of Bristol, aims to make cutting-edge poverty related research more widely available. For other titles in this series, please follow the series link from the main catalogue page.

Contents: Introduction: scope and argument of the book; The conditions for child poverty: context and chronology; A fit occupation for children? Children and work; Workers of the future: the education of children; Discovering child poverty: child poverty and the family to 1945; Rediscovering child poverty: poverty and policy from 1945; Conclusion: child poverty on the agenda.

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Child poverty in the developing world

By David Gordon, Shailen Nandy, Christina Pantazis, Simon Pemberton, School for Policy Studies, University of Bristol and Peter Townsend, Centre for the Study of Human Rights, London School of Economics and Political Science, October 2003, 44 pages, Paperback (ISBN 1 86134 559 3) £9.99 (US$15.00). Published by The Policy Press.

Synopsis: This report provides a summary of the results from a major international research project, funded by UNICEF, on child rights and child poverty in the developing world.

Full Description: The report presents the first ever scientific measurement of the extent and depth of child poverty in developing regions. This measurement is based upon internationally agreed definitions arising from the international framework of child rights. Indicators of severe deprivation of basic human need for shelter, sanitation, safe water, information, health, education and food were constructed using survey data on nearly 1.2 million children in 46 countries collected mainly during the late 1990's. This is the largest, most accurate survey sample of children ever assembled.

The results show that over one billion children - more than half the children in developing countries - suffer from severe deprivation of basic human need and over a third (674 million) suffer from absolute poverty (two or more severe deprivations).

The study findings indicate that considerably more emphasis needs to be placed on improving basic infrastructure and social services for families with children, particularly with regards to shelter, sanitation and safe drinking water in rural areas. Anti-poverty strategies need to respond to local conditions; blanket solutions to eradicating child poverty will be unsuccessful.

Contents: Introduction: Child poverty and child rights in developing countries; Measurement of child poverty and standard of living; Severe deprivation among children in the developing world; Conclusions and policy implications. Bibliography; Appendix: Severe deprivation and absolute poverty of children: country data.

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Patterns of poverty across Europe

Richard Berthoud, Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER), University of Essex, March 2004, 60pg Paperback (ISBN 1 86134 574 7) £12.99 (US$20.95). Published by The Policy Press.

Full Description: It is widely accepted that income poverty should be defined in relative terms - but relative to where? Almost all household poverty statistics count the number of poor in relation to the national average of the country they are living in. Would the picture be different if we compared families' incomes with the local regional average? Or why not compare incomes across the whole of Europe?

Using new EU-wide data, this report shows very different patterns of poverty across Europe, depending on the enchmark used. From a European perspective, the poor are heavily concentrated in Portugal, south-western Spain, southern Italy and Greece. The research also tests two methods of calibrating poverty lines to show which level of area offers the most sensitive indicator of social exclusion. The results fail to corroborate the conventional view that nationally based poverty lines are the most appropriate basis for international comparisons.

The findings have important implications for the spatial distribution of poverty within and between countries (including the UK) and for the development of anti-poverty policy across the EU.

This report provides a new international perspective to policy makers both within each country and at EU level. It offers new comparative insights to economists interested in the distribution of income, and to sociologists studying relative deprivation.

Contents: Geography, inequality and poverty: an EU perspective; Data from the European Community Household Panel survey; Income variations between (and within) countries; National relative poverty; Income variations between (and within) regions; Regional relative poverty; Calibrating poverty lines according to social norms; Calibrating poverty lines in terms of the risk of financial hardship; Where are Europe's poor?

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World poverty:
New policies to defeat an old enemy

Edited by Peter Townsend and David Gordon, September 2002, 480pp, Paperback (ISBN 1 86134 142 3) £16.99/US$31.00. Published by The Policy Press.

→ Download manifesto [PDF, 0.04MB]

"This publication will make a valuable contribution to the integration of human rights values into world poverty reduction strategies."
— Mary Robinson, United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights

Full Description: World poverty is a major new book offering fresh insights into how to tackle poverty worldwide. With contributions from leading scholars in the field both internationally and in the UK, the book asks whether existing international and national policies are likely to succeed in reducing poverty across the world. It concludes that they are not and that a radically different international strategy is needed. A Manifesto for international action against poverty is presented.

The interests of the industrialised and developing world are given equal attention and are analysed together. Policies intended to operate at different levels - international, regional, national and sub-national - ranging from the policies of international agencies like the UN and the World Bank through to national governments, groups of governments and local and city authorities - are examined. Key aspects of social policy, like 'targeting' and means-testing, de-regulation and privatisation, are considered in detail. An outstanding work of scholarship, World poverty will become a definitive point of reference for anyone working, studying or researching in the poverty field.

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Childhood poverty and social exclusion:
From a child's perspective

By Tess Ridge, University of Bath.

“This book provides richness and context to debates about childhood poverty, and remedies for it, from the perspectives of children themselves”
— Sue Middleton, Centre for Research in Social Policy, Loughborough University

Synopsis: Without a deeper understanding of poverty as a lived experience in childhood, policies targeted at eradicating child poverty may fail. Using child-centred research methods to explore children’s own accounts of their lives, this moving and sobering book presents a rare and valuable opportunity to understand the issues and concerns that low-income children themselves identify as important. The findings raise critical issues for both policy and practice.

Contents: The challenge of child poverty: developing a child-centred approach; What do we know about childhood poverty?; Children’s access to economic and material resources; ‘Fitting in’ and ‘joining in’: social relations and social integration; Family life and self-reflection; Experiences and perceptions of school: analysis of BHPYS data; Childhood poverty and social exclusion: incorporating children’s perspectives.

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Breadline Europe:
The measurement of poverty

Edited by David Gordon and Peter Townsend, March 2001, 480 pp, Paperback (ISBN 1 86134 292 6) £17.99/US$32.50, Hardback (ISBN 1 86134 293 4) 50.00/US$90.00. Published by The Policy Press.

"This is the first intellectually solid charge sheet drawn up against the post-Reagan free market economy in the European Union and, above all, in the post-Communist 'transition' states"
— The Observer

"Breadline Europe will serve as a major reference book for poverty research as well as for the public discourse on poverty policies for years to come"
— Jurgen Kohl, Institute of Sociology, University of Heidelberg

Synopsis: Breadline Europe is the first book to examine poverty in Europe within the international framework agreed at the 1995 World Summit on Social Development. Its aim is to provide a scientific and international basis for the analysis and reduction of poverty. With contributions from leading European poverty researchers, it demonstrates that there is far more important research into the problem of poverty going on in many countries of Europe than the international agencies and national governments admit or even realise. Main themes are:

  • The need for a scientific poverty line
  • The need for better theories distinguishing between poverty and social exclusion
  • The need for better international social policy and for better policy-related analyses of poverty

Breadline Europe provides up-to-date, essential reading for social science undergraduates and postgraduate students. It will also be of considerable interest to policy makers and NGOs with a concern for poverty reduction.

Contents: Introduction: the measurement of poverty in Europe Peter Townsend and David Gordon; Part I: Resolving poverty: the need for a scientific consensus on concept and measurement; The international build up: poverty and the spirit of the time Jacques Baudot; Reducing poverty: the implications of the 1995 Copenhagen Agreement for research on poverty John Langmore; Measuring absolute and overall poverty David Gordon; Absolute and overall poverty: a European history and proposal for measurement David Gordon, Christina Pantazis and Peter Townsend; Women and poverty: a new research methodology Elisabetta Ruspini; Horses for discourses: poverty, purpose and closure in minimum income standards policy John Veit-Wilson; Poverty, inequality and health Björn Halleröd; Part II: European analysis of poverty and social exclusion; Poverty in Finland and Europe Markku Lindqvist; Poverty and affluence in Ireland: a comparison of income and deprivation approaches to the measurement of poverty Richard Layte, Brian Nolan and Christopher Whelan; Child poverty in comparative perspective Jonathan Bradshaw; Poverty and the poor in Central and Eastern Europe Ludmila Dziewiecka-Bokun; Poverty in Hungary and in Central and Eastern Europe Zsuzsa Ferge; Measurement and definitions of poverty in Russia Simon Clarke; What is social exclusion? Ruth Levitas; Social exclusion: concepts and evidence Tania Burchardt; Trajectories of social exclusion: the wider context for third and first worlds Graham Room; Conclusion Peter Townsend and David Gordon.

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Tackling inequalities:
Where are we now and what can be done?

David Gordon and Christina Pantazis, January 2000, 256pp, Paperback (ISBN 1 86134 146 6) £15.99/US$28.75. Published by The Policy Press.

"An excellent contribution to the ongoing policy debate surrounding social exclusion and how best to tackle it."
— British Sociological Association Network Magazine

"...a very clearly written and accessible book, which at the same time manages to present a range of key issues and pack in lots of factual information."
— Politics Included

"The original ideas in this book cut through the usual quick-sand performance indicators. They challenge the conventional assumption of progress towards equality. But they do so with a practical edge that will appeal to those monitoring and implementing social policies."
— Ludi Simpson, Cathie Marsh Centre, University of Manchester

"... an essential book for those concerned with policy analysis in relation to social justice and equality."
— Jay Ginn, University of Surrey

Synopsis: Featuring a special chapter by Professor Peter Townsend and bringing together leading experts in their fields, this wide-ranging new book provides a systematic critique of the current government's policies to tackle inequalities. It is the first up-to-date account of the level of inequalities inherited by the Labour Government, and looks at the policy options with which it is faced. The book examines current largely area-based policies to tackle inequalities in crime, health, education, housing and social exclusion. It provides a valuable contribution to the emerging policy debate on how to tackle inequalities and will be essential reading for academics, policy-makers and students with an interest in inequality, poverty and social exclusion.

Contents: Introduction; Inequalities in income and standard of living Dave Gordon; Ending world poverty in the 21st Century Peter Townsend; Poverty and health inequalities George Davey-Smith; Is it worth reducing inequalities in health? Danny Dorling; Poverty and inequalities in crime Christina Pantazis; How can we end inequalities in housing? Alan Murie; Inequalities in education: Targets and Education Action Zones Ian Plewis; Do governments ever listen to research? Walter Barker; Conclusion.

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Health inequalities:
Lifecourse approaches

George Davey Smith, September 2001, 288 pp. Paperback (ISBN 1 86134 322 1) £15.99/US$28.75. Hardback (ISBN 1 86134 323 X) £50.00/US$90.00. Published by The Policy Press

"Professor Davey Smith's research on the lifecourse and health is truly innovative and unique. Many academics from diverse disciplines will want this as part of their permanent libraries."
— John Lynch, School of Public Health, University of Michigan

"This book will become a classic for those interested in health inequalities."
— Jennifer Roberts, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

Synopsis: The lifecourse perspective on adult health and on health inequalities in particular, is one of the most important recent developments in epidemiology and public health. This book brings together, in a single volume, the work of one of the most distinguished academics in the field. It is the first to specifically take a lifecourse approach to health inequalities. The book presents a large volume of innovative, empirical research which demonstrates the importance of social disadvantage, throughout the lifecourse, with respect to inequalities in life expectancy, death rates and health status in adulthood; contains an extensive overview of lifecourse epidemiology as applied to socio-economic differentials in health. This publication is essential reading for academics, students and policy makers with an interest in public health, epidemiology, health promotion and social policy.

Contents: Introduction; History; Patterns of health inequality; Health and lifetime social circumstances; Explaining health inequalities: conventional adult-life approaches; Social inequality and population health; Reducing health inequalities, now and in the future.

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Poverty, inequality and health in Britain:
1800-2000: A reader

Edited by George Davey Smith, Daniel Dorling and Mary Shaw, June 2001, 384pp. Paperback (ISBN 1 86134 211 X) £15.99/US$28.75. Hardback (ISBN 1 86134 328 0) £50.00/US$90.00. Published by The Policy Press.

"This book is an invaluable reference for academics and students, working in a variety of disciplines, who are interested in health inequalities."
— Ian Rees Jones, St George's Hospital Medical School

Synopsis: Inequalities in health, in terms of both empirical evidence and policies to tackle their reduction, are currently high on the research and political agendas. This reader provides two centuries of historical context to the current debate. Poverty, inequality and health in Britain: 1800-2000 presents extracts from classic texts on the subject of poverty, inequality and health in Britain. For the first time, these key resources are presented in a single volume. Each extract is accompanied by information about the author, and an introduction by the editors draws together themes of change and continuity over two hundred years. Some extracts present empirical evidence of the relationship of poverty and health, while others describe the gritty reality of the everyday struggles of the poor. This book will be of interest to students, researchers, academics and policy makers working in a range of disciplines: the social sciences, historical studies and health. It will also be of interest to all those concerned with tackling health inequalities and social justice generally.

Contents: Introduction; Extracts from: Clarkson's An essay on the impolicy of the African slave trade (1788) and An essay on the slavery and commerce of the human species, particularly the African (1817, 1785); Malthus' An essay on the principle of population (1798, 1985); Factory Inquiry Commission Report (1833); Farr's Vital statistics: A memorial volume (1837, 1885, 1975); Chadwick's Report on the sanitary conditions of the labouring population of Gt Britain (1842, 1965); Engels' The condition of the working class in England (1845, 1987); Mayhew's London labour and the London poor (1851-52); Marx's Inaugural address of the International Working Men's Association (1864, 1992); Rowntree's Poverty: a study of town life (1901, 1971); Booth's On the city: physical pattern and social structure (1902-03, 1967); Pember Reeves' Round about a pound a week (1913, 1988); Tressell's The ragged trousered philanthropists (1914, 1955); Collis and Greenwood's The health of the industrial worker (1921); White's Natural and social selection: a 'Blue-Book' analysis (1928); M'Gonigle and Kirby's Poverty and public health (1936); Orr's Food, health and income (1936, 1937);Hannington's The problem of distressed areas (1937); Spring Rice's Working-class wives: Their health and conditions (1939); Beveridge's Social Insurance and Allied Services (1942); Titmuss' Birth, poverty and wealth (1943); Morris' Health (1944); Hewetson's Ill-health, poverty and the state (1946); Bevan's In place of fear (1947); Abel-Smith and Townsend's The poor and the poorest (1965); Roberts' The classic slum: Salford life in the first quarter of the century (1971); Tudor Hart's 'The inverse care law' (1971); Inequalities in health: Report of a Research Working Group chaired by Sir Douglas Black (The Black Report) (1980); Independent Inquiry into Inequalities in Health (The Acheson Report) (1998).

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Inequalities in health:
The evidence presented to the Independent
Inquiry into Inequalities in Health

Edited by David Gordon, Mary Shaw, Daniel Dorling and George Davey Smith, introduction by Peter Townsend, October 1999, 288pp. Paperback (ISBN 1 86134 174 1) £18.99/$34.50. Published by The Policy Press.

"... a useful collection of state of the art papers."
— British Medical Journal

Synopsis: The Acheson Inquiry was the most important government-backed examination into inequalities in health in the past 20 years. However, much of the detailed evidence presented to the Inquiry has not been published - until now. This book presents all seventeen chapters of evidence commissioned by the Acheson Inquiry to inform their work. It complements both the Acheson Inquiry report published by The Stationery Office and The widening gap which provides a broad overview and systematic interpretation of the Inequalities in Health debate.

Contents: Introduction; A structural plan needed to reduce inequalities of health Peter Townsend; Preface by Sir Donald Acheson; Mother, fetus, infant, child and family: socio-economic inequalities Catherine Law; Youth Patrick West; Adults of working age (16/18 to 65 years) David Blane; Inequalities in health: older people Kay-Tee Khaw; Health inequalities: the place of housing Richard Best; The social environment Richard Wilkinson; Poverty across the life-course and health George Davey Smith; The role of the NHS in tackling inequalities in health Michaela Benzeval and Anna Donald; Tackling inequalities in health and healthcare - the role of the NHS Bobbie Jacobson; Nutrition and health inequalities Michael Nelson; Education and health inequalities Geoff Whitty, Peter Aggletin, Eva Garmarnikow and Paul Tayrer; Geographical inequalities in mortality, morbidity and health-releated behaviour in England Sally Macintyre; Ethnic inequalities in health James Nazroo; Inequalities in health: road transport and pollution Adrian Davis; Inequalities in health related to transport Barbara MacGibbon; Gender Sara Arber; Mental health David Goldberg; Smoking, drinking, physical activity and screening uptake and health inequalities Jane Wardle, Michael Farrell, Melvyn Hillsdon, Martin Jarvis, Stephen Sutton and Margaret Thorogood; Inequalities in oral health Aubrey Sheiham and Richard G. Watt.

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The Widening Gap:
Health inequalities and policy in Britain

Mary Shaw, Daniel Dorling, David Gordon and George Davey Smith, December 1999, 292 pp. Paperback (ISBN 1 86134 142 3) £16.99/US$31.00. Published by The Policy Press.

→ Download manifesto [PDF, 0.05MB]

"When Tony Blair tours the North to show the wide variations within regions as well as between them, and when Alan Milburn declares commitment to tackling inequalites in heart disease as part of making a fairer society generally, then you know something has touched a chord. It is rare for an academic work to have such an effect on media and ministers, but The widening gap has done just this."
— John Nicholson, Chief Executive, UK Public Health Association

"a brilliant book. ... provides a marvellous template for similar efforts to investigate the worst and best-health million in other countries around the world."
— International Journal of Epidemiology

" ...a challenge and a lesson for all who are working to reduce inequalities in health ...the analysis of the potential impact of current government policies on inequalities in health is enlightening."
— British Medical Journal

"... there is much in this book to be commended...it will be widely read and quoted."
— The Lancet

Synopsis: Relentlessly, the wide health gap between different groups of people living in Britain continues to get even wider. This book presents new evidence (which was not available to the government's Independent Inquiry into Inequalities in Health) on the size of the gap, and the extent to which the gap is widening. In particular, new geographical data are presented and displayed in striking graphical form. This book challenges whether the government is concerned enough about reducing inequalities and highlights the living conditions of the million people living in the least healthy areas in Britain. It presents explanations for the widening health gap, and addresses the implications of this major social problem. In the light of this evidence the authors put forward social policies which will reduce the health gap in the future.

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A Selection of Other Publications

Injustice:
Why social inequality persists

By Daniel Dorling, April 2011, 368 pages, Paperback (ISBN 9781847427205), Hardback (ISBN 9781847424266). Paperback £7.99, Hardback £14.99. Published by The Policy Press

“A brilliant analysis of the nature of inequality in the UK. It is a 'must read' for anyone who wants to understand inequality and how we might tackle it."
— Matthew Taylor, Chief Executive, RSA.

“For decades researchers have shown the damage inequality does to all Society and Dorling's wonderful book extends this. With brilliance and passion, Dorling analyses the mind-set of entitlement among those who hold ever tighter to money, power and life's best rewards, generation to generation.”
— Polly Toynbee, The Guardian.

Synopsis: Few would dispute that we live in an unequal and unjust world but what causes this inequality to persist? Leading social commentator and academic Danny Dorling claims, in this timely book, that, as the five social evils identified by Beveridge are gradually being eradicated, they are being replaced by five new tenets of injustice, viz: elitism is efficient; exclusion is necessary; prejudice is natural; greed is good and despair is inevitable. In an informal yet authoritative style, Dorling examines who is most harmed by these injustices and why, and what happens to those who most benefit. Hard-hitting and uncompromising in its call to action, this is essential reading for everyone concerned with social justice.

Danny Dorling is Professor of Human Geography at the University of Sheffield. With colleagues, he has published 25 books, including eight atlases, one now translated into seven languages. In 2007, (Sir) Simon Jenkins described him as 'Geographer Royal by Appointment to the Left'. In 2008, Dorling was appointed Honorary President of the Society of Cartographers and, in 2009, he was presented with the Back Award of the Royal Geographical Society.

Contents: Foreword - Richard Wilkinson and Kate Pickett; Introduction: Inequality: the antecedent and outcome and of injustice; 'Elitism is efficient': new educational divisions; 'Exclusion is necessary': excluding people from society; 'Prejudice is natural': a wider racism; 'Greed is good': consumption and waste; 'Despair is inevitable': health and well-being; Conclusion, conspiracy, consensus; Afterword.

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Disability and poverty:
A global challenge

Edited by Arne H. Eide and Benedicte Ingstad, March 2011, 256 pages. Paperback (ISBN ), Hardback (ISBN 9781847428851). Paperback £, Hardback £56.00. Published by The Policy Press.

Synopsis: This book is about being disabled and being poor and the social, cultural and political processes that link these two aspects of living. Environmental barriers, limited access to services and discriminatory attitudes and practice are among key elements that drive disabled people into poverty and keep them there. 'Disability and poverty' explores the lived realities of people with disabilities from across the developing world and examines how the coping strategies of individuals and families emerge in different contexts.

Arne H. Eide is Chief Scientist at SINTEF, Professor at Sør-Trøndelag University College, Norway, and Guest Professor at Stellenbosch University, South Africa. He has extensive research experience in the fields of disability and rehabilitation. Benedicte Ingstad is Professor of Medical Anthropology at the University of Oslo. She has carried out research on disability in developing countries for 30 years and has published extensively on the topic of 'Disability and culture'.

Contents: Introduction: Disability and Poverty: A Global Challenge - Benedicte Ingstad and Arne Eide; The Social Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities in Poverty Reduction Policies and Instruments: Initial Impressions from Malawi and Uganda - Margaret Wazakili, Tsitsi Chataika, Gubela Mji, A.K. Dube, Malcolm MacLachlan; Disability, poverty and health care: Changes in the canji ("disability") policies in the history of the People's Republic of China - Gry Sagli and Heidi Fjeld; Living conditions for people with disabilities in developing countries - Arne Eide and Mitch Loeb; 'No disabled can go here…' Disability and poverty in Malawi: Aspects of education - Stine Braaten and Mitch Loeb; Disability and poverty in Uganda - Herbert Muyinda and Susan R. Whyte; "We are also disabled". Disability grants and poverty politics in rural South Africa - Camilla Hansen and Washeila Sait; Where culture really matters: Disability and well-being in Yemen - Benedicte Ingstad, Arwa Baider, Lisbet Grut; Disability and barriers in Kenya - Lisbet Grut, Joyce Olenja, Benedicte Ingstad; Disability and social suffering in Zimbabwe - Jenny Mudzeresi and Benedicte Ingstad; "My story started from food shortage and hunger": Living with landmines in Cambodia - Merete Taksdal; Poverty as trauma: Methodological problems when reality gets ugly - Hans Husum and Odd Edvardsen; Some concluding thoughts - the way ahead -Arne Eide and Benedicte Ingstad.

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Child poverty, evidence and policy:
Mainstreaming children in international development

By Nicola A. Jones and Andy Sumner, Jan 2011, 224 pages, Paperback (ISBN 9781847424457), Hardback (ISBN 9781847424464). Paperback £19.19, Hardback £52.00. Published by The Policy Press.

“This book is a significant and timely contribution to an improved understanding of the neglected but all-too-important subject of Child Poverty and what to do about it. It is a 'must read' for researchers and policy makers interested in child poverty and evidence-based advocacy and public policy.”
— Dr. Assefa Bequele, Director, African Child Policy Forum

“Jones and Sumner provide a sophisticated analysis of the multi-dimensional interplay between evidence and policy on child poverty. The result is a compelling account of why child poverty in developing countries needs to be tackled by increasing children's visibility, voice and vision in both knowledge generation and policy processes. Academics and policy audiences alike will find it invaluable.”
— Sandra Nutley, Professor of Public Management, University of Edinburgh Business School.

Synopsis: This book is about the opportunities and challenges involved in mainstreaming knowledge about children in international development policy and practice. It focuses on the ideas, networks and institutions that shape the development of evidence about child poverty and wellbeing, and the use of such evidence in development policy debates. It also pays particular attention to the importance of power relations in influencing the extent to which children's voices are heard and acted upon by international development actors. The book weaves together theory, mixed method approaches and case studies spanning a number of policy sectors and diverse developing country contexts in Africa, Asia and Latin America. It therefore provides a useful introduction for students and development professionals who are new to debates on children, knowledge and development, whilst at the same time offering scholars in the field new methodological and empirical insights.

Nicola Jones is a Research Fellow in the Social Development Programme at the Overseas Development Institute where she works on issues related to knowledge and power in the social policy sector, with a particular focus on gender and childhood. Andy Sumner is a Fellow of the Vulnerability and Poverty Research team at the Institute of Development Studies. He is a cross-disciplinary economist. His primary foci of interest are: child poverty; the MDGs, and the politics of policy processes.

Contents: Introduction; Part one: Child poverty, evidence and policy: Perspectives and approaches: Child poverty and wellbeing; Knowledge generation and child poverty and wellbeing; Policy processes, knowledge and child wellbeing: Part two: Child poverty, evidence and policy: Regional perspectives and case studies: Child poverty, knowledge and policy in Africa; Child poverty, knowledge and policy in Asia; Child poverty, knowledge and policy in Latin America and the Caribbean; Conclusions.

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Understanding human need

By Hartley Dean, Feb 2010, 240 pages, Paperback (ISBN 9781847421890), Hardback (ISBN 9781847421906). Paperback £17.59, Hardback £52.00. Published by The Policy Press Series Understanding Welfare: Social Issues, Policy and Practice series

“Hartley Dean's book certainly meets a need: he expertly summarises debates over what human needs are, how they relate to happiness and capabilities, and what they entail for human rights and social policies. An invaluable book.”
— Ian Gough, Emeritus Professor of Social Policy, University of Bath and co-author of 'A theory of human need'

Synopsis: Human need is a central but contested concept in social policy and the social sciences. This book provides an accessible overview of the subject using concepts from many disciplines. It presents a unique integrative model that shows how the main approaches may be reflected in social policy goals. The author engages with recent debates which advance our understanding of human need, including human wellbeing and 'happiness'; poverty, social exclusion and global inequality; human difference, the diversity of needs and the concept of human capabilities. Most crucially, the book explores how human needs may be translated into rights and how these can be informed by a politics of human need. The book offers essential insights for students of social policy, but will also be of interest to other social science disciplines, policy makers and political activists.

Hartley Dean is Reader in Social Policy at the London School of Economics and Political Science. His academic career has extended over 20 years, and was preceded by a 12 year career as a welfare rights worker. He has published extensively on issues relating to poverty, social citizenship and welfare rights.

Contents: Introduction; Inherent need; Interpreted need; Poverty, inequality and resource distribution; Social exclusion, capabilities and recognition; The thin and the thick of human well-being; Human need and social policy; Translating needs into rights; The politics of human need; Afterword.

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Unequal ageing:
The untold story of exclusion in old age

Edited by Paul Cann and Malcolm Dean, Sep 2009, 192 pages, Paperback (ISBN 9781847424112), Hardback (ISBN 9781847424129). Paperback £14.39, Hardback £48.00. Published by The Policy Press

“This is a book for our times: its wisdom and thoughtfulness will help us all adjust to life's changing patterns.”
— Dame Joan Bakewell, Voice of Older People

“Unequal Ageing is a must-read for everyone concerned with growing imbalances in care and support of the older person. With chapter contributions from leaders in their fields, this book examines the inequalities experienced by ageing populations from a variety of perspectives - let us hope policy makers and informers read, absorb and take remedial action.”
— Alex Mair, Chief Executive, British Geriatrics Society

“I have rarely come across a book on the included subjects so well written that I did not want to put it down until it was read to the end".
— Susan Venn in Ageing & Society

“Edited by experts in ageing and social affairs, this book provides a thought-provoking text based on evidence of the disadvantages to which older adults may be exposed and suggests a useful range of actions that could be taken to address inequalities.”
— Susan Holmes in Nursing Standard.

Synopsis: This powerful book analyses the vital dimensions of money, health, place, quality of life and identity, and demonstrates the gaps of treatment and outcomes between older and younger people, and between different groups of older people. Written by leading experts in the field, it provides strong evidence of the scale of current disadvantage in the UK and suggests actions that could begin to change the picture of unequal ageing. 'Unequal ageing' is aimed at all those with a serious interest in the unprecedented challenge of our ageing society. It will be of importance to policy-makers, opinion-formers, and above all to older people themselves.

Paul Cann is former Director of Policy at Help the Aged. He is now Chief Executive of Age Concern, Oxfordshire. At Help the Aged, he brought together research and policy and he was particularly involved in Help the Aged's work on pensioner poverty, social exclusion and care issues. Malcolm Dean worked on The Guardian for 38 years as a roving reporter, social affairs leader-writer and an assistant editor. He served on the Carnegie Commission on the Third Age, wrote the layperson's guide to the ESRC's Growing Older programme and chaired a Joseph Rowntree commission on older people. He retired from The Guardian in 2006 to take up a fellowship at Nuffield College, Oxford, where he is writing a book on the media's influence on social policy.

Contents: How social age trumped social class? - Malcolm Dean; Too tight to mention: unequal income in older age - Thomas Scharf; The uneven dividend: health and well-being in later life - Anna Coote; No place like home? Housing inequality in later life - Sue Adams; What does it mean to be old? - Julia Neuberger; A life worth living? Quality of life in older age - Bryan Appleyard; Why is ageing so unequal? - Alan Walker; Rewriting the story - Paul Cann.

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Social inequality and public health

Edited by Salvatore J. Babones, Apr 2009, 256 pages, Paperback (ISBN 9781847423207), Hardback (ISBN 9781847423214). Paperback £19.99, Hardback £52.00. Published by The Policy Press.

“An exciting and wide ranging review of the new public health. This collection provides an efficient and intriguing introduction into what we now think most makes us healthy or ill.”
— Daniel Dorling, Department of Geography, University of Sheffield

“This book will form a very useful addition to the sparse canon of literature exploring the relationship between social inequality and health.”
— Journal of Public Health

“... a fascinating collection of issues in modern public health research, policy and practice.”
— Sociology of Health & Illness.

Synopsis: Public health in the early 21st Century increasingly considers how social inequalities impact on individual health, moving away from the focus on how disease relates to the individual person. This 'new public health' identifies how social, economic and political factors affect the level and distribution of individual health, through their effects on individual behaviours, the social groups people belong to, the character of relationships to others and the characteristics of the societies in which people live. The rising social inequalities that can be seen in nearly every country in the world today present not just a moral danger, but a mortal danger as well. "Social inequality and public health" brings together the latest research findings from some of the most respected medical and social scientists in the world. It surveys four pathways to understanding the social determinants of health: differences in individual health behaviours; group advantage and disadvantage; psychosocial factors in individual health; and healthy and unhealthy societies, shedding light on the costs and consequences of today's high-inequality social models. This exciting book brings together leaders in the field discussing their latest research and is a must-read for anyone interested in public health and social inequalities internationally.

Salvatore J. Babones is a lecturer in the Department of Sociology and Social Policy at The University of Sydney. His work has appeared in the "Journal of Sociology, Social Science & Medicine", and the "Handbook of Social Problems". His most recent book is "Global Social Change: Historical and Comparative Perspectives" (2006), co-edited with Christopher Chase-Dunn. Salvatore Babones received his Ph.D. from The Johns Hopkins University in 2003.

Contents: Introduction - Salvatore J. Babones; Pathway one: Differences in individual health behaviours: The role of time preference and perspective in socio-economic inequalities in health related behaviors - Jean Adams; Examination of the built environment and prevalence of obesity: neighbourhood characteristics, food purchasing venues, green space, and distribution of body mass index - Tamara Dubowitz, Kristen Kurland and Theresa Osypuk; Reinventing healthy and sustainable communities: reconnecting public health and urban planning - Mary E. Northridge, Elliott D. Sclar, Annie Feighery, Maryann Z. Fiebach and Emily Karpel Kurtz; Pathway two: group advantage and disadvantage: How and why do interventions that increase health overall widen inequalities within populations? - Martin White, Jean Adams and Peter Heywood; The metaphor of the miner's canary and black-white disparities in health: a review of intergenerational socioeconomic factors and perinatal outcomes - Debbie Barrington; From adversary to ally: the evolution of non-governmental organizations in the context of health reform in Santiago and Montevideo - Javier Pereira Bruno and Ronald Angel; Pathway three: Psychosocial factors in individual health: Health inequalities and the role of work psychosocial factors: the Whitehall II study - Eric Brunner; Inequality, psychosocial health, and societal health: a model of inter-group conflict - Siddharth Chandra; The social epidemiology of population health during the time of transition from communism in Central and Eastern Europe - Arjumand Siddiqi, Martin Bobak and Clyde Hertzman; Pathway four: Healthy and unhealthy societies: The impact of inequality: empirical evidence - Richard Wilkinson; 'Public goods', metropolitan inequality and population health in comparative perspective: policy & theory - James R. Dunn and Nancy A. Ross; Inequality and health: models for moving from science to policy - Salvatore J. Babones; Public understanding of the new public health: Promoting public understanding of population health - Stephen Bezruchka; Health, inequalities and mobilization: human rights and the millennium development goals - Paul Nelson; Conclusion: what the public needs to know about social inequality and public health - Salvatore J. Babones.

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Towards a more equal society?
Poverty, inequality and policy since 1997

Edited by John Hills, Tom Sefton and Kitty Stewart, Feb 2009, 432 pages, Paperback (ISBN 9781847422019), Hardback (ISBN 9781847422026). Paperback £18.39, Hardback £52.00. Published by The Policy Press Series: CASE Studies on Poverty, Place and Policy.

“Hills is the great authority, the chief examiner most feared and respected, social policy's equivalent of an Ofsted inspector. This great tome, with its hundreds of graphs and tables, will prove to be the definitive academic judgment.”
— Polly Toynbee, The Guardian

“Welfare reform has been at the heart of the New Labour project. This book is the definitive assessment of those reforms: where they succeeded, where they failed - and why.”
— Alan Deacon, Emeritus Professor of Social Policy, University of Leeds

“John Hills and his colleagues have produced another invaluable report on New Labour's record. 'Towards A More Equal Society?' provides a balanced and nuanced assessment of New Labour's performance as a party of social justice. Its individual chapters are each authoritative essays on Labour's performance in key policy areas, while the book as a whole offers many cross cutting insights into what has worked, what hasn't and what we still need more time to judge. Any student, commentator or policy maker seeking to learn the important lessons from Labour's first decade could not have a better guide.”
— Matthew Taylor, Former Chief Adviser on Political Strategy to Tony Blair; currently Chief Executive, RSA

“If you want a deep and even-handed project to rethink egalitarianism for the current age, turn to Towards a more equal society? ... The academics reporting in this volume have conducted painstaking statistical analysis. There are no cartoons, diverting vignettes or uplifting quotations. But the narrative - cautious, nuanced, understated - is all the more persuasive for that. If we want a fairer society, let us start with the facts.”
— Richard Reeves, The Observer.

Synopsis: When New Labour came to power in 1997, its leaders asked for it to be judged after ten years on its success in making Britain 'a more equal society'. As it approaches the end of an unprecedented third term in office, this book asks whether Britain has indeed moved in that direction. The highly successful earlier volume "A more equal society?" was described by Polly Toynbee as "the LSE's mighty judgement on inequality". Now this second volume by the same team of authors provides an independent assessment of the success or otherwise of New Labour's policies over a longer period. It provides:

  • consideration by a range of expert authors of a broad set of indicators and policy areas affecting poverty, inequality and social exclusion;
  • analysis of developments up to the third term on areas including income inequality, education, employment, health inequalities, neighbourhoods, minority ethnic groups, children and older people;
  • an assessment of outcomes a decade on, asking whether policies stood up to the challenges, and whether successful strategies have been sustained or have run out of steam; chapters on migration, social attitudes, the devolved administrations, the new Equality and Human Rights Commission, and future pressures. The book is essential reading for academic and student audiences with an interest in contemporary social policy, as well as for all those seeking an objective account of Labour's achievements in power.

John Hills is Director of the Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion (CASE) and Professor of Social Policy at the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). Tom Sefton was formerly a research fellow at CASE and now works for the Church Urban Fund. Kitty Stewart is a lecturer in social policy at LSE and a research associate at CASE.

Contents: Introduction - Kitty Stewart, Tom Sefton and John Hills; Part One: Dimensions of policy outcomes: Poverty, inequality and redistribution - Tom Sefton, John Hills and Holly Sutherland; 'A scar on the soul of Britain': child poverty and disadvantage under New Labour - Kitty Stewart; Education: New Labour's top priority - Ruth Lupton, Natalie Heath, Emma Salter; More equal working lives? An assessment of New Labour policies - Abigail McKnight; New Labour and unequal neighbourhoods - Anne Power Health inequalities: a persistent problem - Franco Sassi; Pensions and income security in later life - Maria Evandrou and Jane Falkingham; Ethnic inequalities: another ten years of the same? - Coretta Phillips; Migration, migrants and inequality - Jill Rutter and Maria Latorre; Part Two: Cross-cutting issues: Moving in the right direction? Public attitudes to poverty, inequality and redistribution - Tom Sefton; Inequality and the devolved administrations: Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland - Tania Burchardt and Holly Holder; Poverty, inequality and child well-being in international context: still bottom of the pack? - Kitty Stewart; Part Three: The Equality and Human Rights Commission: a new point of departure in the battle against discrimination and disadvantage - Polly Vizard; Future pressures: intergenerational links, wealth, demography and sustainability - John Hills; Conclusions: Climbing every mountain or retreating from the foothills? - John Hills, Tom Sefton and Kitty Stewart.

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Children, families and social exclusion:
New approaches to prevention

By Kate Morris, Marian Barnes and Paul Mason, Feb 2009, 168 pages, Paperback (ISBN 9781861349651), Hardback (ISBN 9781861349668). Paperback £17.59, Hardback £52.00. Published by The Policy Press.

“This important book helps put some of the excitement back into the issues surrounding prevention of the consequences of social exclusion, with messages worth thinking about - and acting on - for practitioners, policy makers and other researchers."
— Jane Tunstill, Emeritus Professor of Social Work, Royal Holloway, London University.

Synopsis: Many policy and practice initiatives that aim to prevent social exclusion focus on children and young people. This book seeks to consider new approaches to understanding the complexities of prevention, and how these new understandings can inform policy and practice. The authors use evidence from the National Evaluation of the Children's Fund to illustrate and explore the experiences of children and families who are most marginalised. They consider the historical context of approaches to child welfare, and present a new framework for understanding and developing preventative polices and practice within the context of social exclusion. Preventative initiatives such as the Children's Fund have supported large-scale complex evaluations that have generated rich and important data about strategies for addressing social exclusion and what they can achieve. The findings of this book have direct relevance for all those engaged in developing preventative policy and practice and will therefore be of interest to policy makers, practitioners and students of child welfare and social policy more broadly, in providing a timely discussion of key debates in designing, delivering and commissioning preventative services.

Kate Morris is Head of Social Work, University of Birmingham. She was the project manager for the National Evaluation of the Children' Fund. She has researched and published in the areas of prevention, family involvement and multi-agency working. Marian Barnes is Professor of Social Policy at the University of Brighton, where she is also Director of the Health and Social Policy Research Centre. She has written and researched extensively in the areas of social exclusion, citizenship and participation and was Deputy Co Director of the National Evaluation of the Children's Fund. Paul Mason was a senior researcher with the National Evaluation of the Children's Fund and led strands of the research. He is now Senior Consultant at GHK International. He has researched and published in the areas of youth crime, research and evaluation methodology and children's preventative services.

Contents: Introduction; Social exclusion, child welfare and well-being; Contemporary issues for preventative child welfare; The development of preventative policy and practice: an overview; The Children's Fund: strategies for social inclusion; The Children's Fund: activities and impacts of partnership strategies; New understandings for prevention Conclusion: effective preventative approaches.

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Understanding inequality, poverty and wealth:
Policies and Prospects

Edited by Tess Ridge and Sharon Wright, June 2008, 360 pages, Paperback (ISBN 9781861349149), Hardback (ISBN 9781861349156). Paperback £15.99, Hardback £48.00. Published by The Policy Press Series: Understanding Welfare: Social Issues, Policy and Practice series.

"This volume provides a timely and much-needed critical account of the inter-relationship between 'the problem of poverty' and 'the problem of riches'. Combining both conceptual, empirical and policy perspectives and a UK and global focus, it offers rich pickings for students and all who are concerned about poverty and inequality."
— Ruth Lister, Professor of Social Policy, Loughborough University, author of 'Poverty' (Polity, 2004)

Synopsis: This major new textbook provides students with a critical understanding of poverty and social exclusion in relation to wealth, rather than as separate from it.

Full Description: At a time when the divide between the wealthy and the disadvantaged is widening, this major new textbook provides students with a critical understanding of poverty and social exclusion in relation to wealth, rather than as separate from it. Raising fundamental questions about the organisation of society, social structures and relationships and social justice, the book is split into four main sections exploring key concepts and issues; 'people and place' (poverty and wealth across different groups and situations); the role of the state; and prospects for the future. Features:

  • the only textbook to focus on the links between wealth and poverty
  • an edited collection of chapters specially written by a distinguished panel of contributors including Pete Alcock, Daniel Dorling, Mary Shaw, Gill Scott and Jay Ginn
  • designed with the needs of students in mind and includes useful chapter summaries, illustrative boxes and diagrams, and pointers to relevant websites and other sources of further information

It will be an essential textbook for level 1/2 undergraduate students studying social policy either as a main subject or as part of their course. It would be a core text for level 3/4 specialist modules in this field. Understanding welfare: Social issues, policy and practice series Series Editor: Saul Becker, University of Nottingham.

This bestselling series presents topical and innovative approaches to understanding social issues, policies and welfare delivery from leading experts. Accessible and student friendly, each includes chapter-specific summaries, questions for discussion, illustrative boxes and diagrams to help understanding and full bibliographies. Each book is Social Policy Subject Benchmark compliant, and with an attractive series design this collection builds into a library of essential reading for students. For other titles in this series, please follow the series link from the main catalogue page.

Tess Ridge is a Lecturer in Social Policy at the University of Bath. Her main research and teaching interests are poverty and social exclusion - especially childhood poverty and social exclusion - children and family policy, social security policy and comparative social security especially support for children and families. Tess is a trustee of the Child Poverty Action Group and Honorary Secretary of the Social Policy Association. Publications include Ridge, T (2002) Childhood Poverty and Social Exclusion, Bristol: Policy Press.

Dr Sharon Wright is Lecturer in Social Policy at the University of Stirling. Her research interests are in poverty, social security, the processes of making and implementing social policy, service delivery, unemployment and active labour market policies. Her teaching interests are in social policy; poverty, income and wealth; gender, work and welfare and qualitative research methods. Sharon is Managing Co-Editor of the journal Social Policy & Society and Co-convenor of the Scottish Social Policy Network.

Contents: Introduction ~ Tess Ridge and Sharon Wright; Wealth ~ Karen Rowlingson; Poverty and social exclusion ~ Pete Alcock; Explaining poverty, Social exclusion and inequality: towards a structural approach ~ Gerry Mooney; Global inequality, poverty and wealth ~ Nicola Yeates; Spatial divisions of poverty and wealth ~ Danny Dorling and Dimitris Ballas; Gender, poverty and wealth ~ Gill Scott; The intersection of ethnicity, Poverty and wealth ~ Akwugo Emejulu; Childhood and youth ~ Petra Hoelscher; Poverty and financial inequality in later life ~ Jay Ginn; Health and disability ~ Mary Shaw, Ben Wheeler, Richard Mitchell and Danny Dorling; State approaches to wealth ~ Michael Orton; State approaches to poverty and social exclusion ~ Tess Ridge and Sharon Wright; Conclusions: policies and prospects ~ Tess Ridge and Sharon Wright.

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Multidisciplinary Handbook of
Social Exclusion Research

Edited by Dominic Abrams, Julie Christian and
David Gordon

"Social exclusion has become, along with poverty, human rights and development, one of the key concepts of scientific social research. Meaning has to be unravelled, and measurement and explanation better devised. Readers will value this searching and comprehensive handbook.”
— Professor Peter Townsend, London School of Economics

Synopsis: Social exclusion remains a key problem nationally and globally for policy makers, researchers and professionals. In spite of its prominence, social exclusion policy debate lacks a dominant disciplinary focus. This innovative book covers evidence from key research and policy to provide readers with cross-disciplinary perspectives on major areas of social exclusion.

The book describes the international context and framework for analysing social exclusion in social research, the history of such research, and the social and psychological components of social exclusion. Different chapters review and critically analyse social exclusion research in particular domains (education, health, children in care, crime, business, race and ethnicity). All chapters propose practical implications and policy recommendations that follow. The book concludes with an integrative framework for analysing social exclusion, reflecting the interplay and connection between exclusion at different levels of analysis.

Contents: Social Exclusion and Social Policy Research (Jane Millar); Women's Social Exclusion (Diane Houston); The Social Psychology of Exclusion (Paul Hutchison et al.); Stigma and Exclusion in Healthcare Settings (Elizabeth Mason-Whitehead & Tom Mason); Homelessness and Social Exclusion (David Clapham); Education and Social Exclusion (Peter Hick et al.); Care Leavers, Exclusion & Access to Higher Education (Sonia Jackson); Social Exclusion and Crime (Chris Hale & Marian Fitzgerald); Social Inclusion, Race and Ethnicity Policies (Greville Percival); Business and Social Inclusion (Ken Peattie); History and Development of Social Exclusion and Policy (David Gordon); A Relational Analysis of Social Exclusion (Dominic Abrams & Julie Christian)

The cross-disciplinary approach offered in the Multidisciplinary Handbook of Social Exclusion Research gives it a broad appeal across a range of professions and disciplines. It will be an unrivalled reference on social exclusion for academics and practitioners in areas including psychology, education, housing, political science, healthcare, sociology, social policy and law.

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Poverty, policy and the state

By Mike O'Brien, November 2007, 288 pages, Hardback (ISBN 9781861347992), £48.00. Published by The Policy Press.

"This volume addresses a major area of interest in recent social policy discussions about restructuring modern welfare states and the question of 'rolling back' an advanced welfare system. It is an important work for readers both within New Zealand and internationally."
— Tapio Salonen, Professor in Social Work, Växjö University, Sweden

Synopsis: New Zealand has experienced both sweeping economic and social reform and growing poverty and income inequality in the last twenty years. This book explores the changes to social security provision and coverage in the context of these developments and of widening national and international poverty and inequality.

Full Description: New Zealand has experienced both sweeping economic and social reform and growing poverty and income inequality in the last twenty years. This book explores the changes to social security provision and coverage in the context of these developments and of widening national and international poverty and inequality. The book argues that the policy initiatives have altered the nature of social security and in doing so have significantly transformed the nature of social citizenship. The author brings the New Zealand data together in a way that has not been done previously and provides the reader with both a detailed discussion of the work on poverty and living standards in New Zealand and the political and economic context within which social security changes have occurred. Linking the discussion to international changes in social security and to the international literature on poverty and inequality, the author demonstrates the important implications the New Zealand directions have for the development of social security internationally. The book will be of considerable interest for all those interested in international reshaping of state support for the poorest and most vulnerable and its development in a neoliberal and Third Way.

Michael O'Brien is senior lecturer at the School of Social and Cultural Studies, Massey University, New Zealand.

Contents: Part one: The contexts of reform: Introduction; Mapping the territory: A brief historical review; Defining and measuring inequality and poverty; Facing the greatest risk of poverty: Who?; Poverty and low living standards: Effects and impacts; Part two: The changing policy directions: Politics, globalisation and social security; The fourth Labour government:1984-90; National and national-led government:1990-99; The early twenty first century: Labour led developments; Social security: How social, how secure; Bibliography.

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City Survivors:
Bringing up children in disadvantaged neighbourhoods

By Anne Power, November 2007, 232 pages, Paperback (ISBN 9781847420497) Hardback (ISBN 9781847420503), Paperback £17.59, Hardback £52.00. Published by The Policy Press.

"Anne Power has built up a formidable reputation for grasping the daily dilemmas of Britain's poor neighbourhoods and this book is one of her best. It's a vivid portrait of the struggles so many people face, and brilliantly uses its ethnographic material to show how much people's quality of life depends on others - in the family, the neighbourhood and the wider society."
— Geoff Mulgan, Director, The Young Foundation

"Anne Power's illuminating and important book bears witness to the lives of urban families, without whose presence all cities would wither and decline. The parents she interviews describe in detail how noisy, messy, often unsafe environments inform every decision they make about their lives and those of their children. If Power's recommendations, based on interviews with 200 'city survivors', are heeded, families may no longer have to 'survive' the city, but instead will thrive in it."
— Lynsey Hanley, author of 'Estates: An Intimate History'

Synopsis: This book provides a unique insider view on the impact of neighbourhood conditions on family life and explores the prospects for families from the point of view of equality, integration, schools, work, community, regeneration and public services.

Full Description: Seen through the eyes of parents, mainly mothers, City survivors tells the eye-opening story of what it is like to bring up children in troubled city neighbourhoods. The book provides a unique insider view on the impact of neighbourhood conditions on family life and explores the prospects for families from the point of view of equality, integration, schools, work, community, regeneration and public services.

City Survivors is based on yearly visits over seven years to two hundred families living in four highly disadvantaged city neighbourhoods, two in East London and two in Northern inner and outer city areas. Twenty four families, six from each area, explain over time from the inside, how neighbourhoods in and of themselves directly affect family survival. These twenty four stories convey powerful messages from parents about the problems they want tackled, and the things that would help them. The main themes explored in the book are neighbourhood, community, family, parenting, incomes and locals, the need for civic intervention.

The book offers original and in-depth, qualitative evidence in a readable and accessible form that will be invaluable to policy-makers, practitioners, university students, academics and general readers interested in the future of families in cities.

Anne Power is Professor of Social Policy at the London School of Economics and Political Science; Sustainable Development Commissioner responsible for regeneration and sustainable communities; member of the Government's Urban Task Force; author of books on cities, communities and marginal housing areas in the UK and abroad.

Contents: Introduction: city survivors; Neighbourhoods matter: is it the people or the place?; Community matters: survival, instincts in social animals; Families matter: mothers carry the weight; Parenting matters: pushing for kids; Incomers and locals: a shrinking pot?; City survival within precarious communities: who pays the price of change?; Conclusion: cities need families.

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From transmitted deprivation to social exclusion:
Policy, poverty and parenting

By John Welshman, September 2007, 320 pages, Hardback (ISBN 9781861348357), £52.00. Published by The Policy Press.

"This is an absorbing book. Using archive material well, it throws light on the relationship between social research, its funding and its use by politicians. It also shows the continuity of ideas in social policy - though new terms like social exclusion may come into vogue, the thread of ideas over time remains."
— Howard Glennerster, London School of Economics and Political Science

"John Welshman's focus is on the origins of Keith Joseph’s analysis in the 1970s, the direction of the government-funded research program that followed it and on the connections between ideas in the 1970s and New Labour’s approach to tackling poverty, social exclusion and anti-social behavior. He takes the perspective of a social historian, relying primarily on published documents, extensive archival research and interviews. He provides an in-depth case study of the political process from a variety of perspectives."
— Nick Axford, Prevention Action website.

Synopsis: This book explores the history of debates over 'transmitted deprivation' and their relationship with current initiatives on social exclusion. Acknowledging the intellectual debt that New Labour owes to Sir Keith Joseph, the author highlights the striking similarities between the Government's most recent attempts to tackle social exclusion and child poverty and earlier debates.

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