What Is an Analytical Essay?
An analytical essay is a type of essay that analyzes, examines, and interprets things such as an event, a book, poem, play or other work of art. An analytical essay means you will need to present some type of argument, or claim, about what you are analyzing.
ANALYTICAL ESSAY EXAMPLE
Keep in mind that analytical essay is not a summary. Analytical essay outline is usually structured according to the five paragraph essay with an introduction, three body paragraphs, and a conclusion.
Top 45 Analytical Essay Topics
- Drug use in sports. Analyze the reasons why top-ranked sportsmen use drugs.
- Street art and graffiti. Why is it so popular nowadays?
- Multicultural societies. Define the notion of the multicultural society.
- Body size and modeling. How does body size influence the quality of one’s life?
- Changing gender roles. Do you believe in gender roles? Why are they changing?
- Single parent families. Does it affect child psychology?
- Differences in communication between men and women.
- Double-career families. Is it possible to balance career and family life?
- Multicultural families. Is it possible to avoid cultural dominance?
- Influence of music on the health condition. Does music really have a therapeutic effect?
- Analyze the main character of the book/poem. (e.g. Romeo)
- Analyze one of the key events in a book/poem. (e.g. Romeo drinking poison)
- Analyze cultural and historical context of the book.
- Analyze how the author’s background influenced his books/poems.
- Describe the mood of a literary work.
- Describe the way horror movies and TV-shows influence child psychology.
- Analyze in what way shows for children can be helpful/harmful?
- Look at a TV series that is based on true events.
- Evaluate a movie that is based on a novel.
- What makes a moving Christmas movie?
- Why do people have phobias?
- Why do people have different hair color?
- Why do people have different tastes in music, food, clothing etc.?
- Why some people appear to be homosexual?
- What makes some people introverts and other extroverts?
- Why do people begin smoking and drinking alcohol?
- What causes love?
- Why do teenagers so rebellious?
- Why do teenage girls idolize male celebrities?
- Why do first-born children tend to be achievers?
- Why do people use animal testing? Are there any ways to avoid it?
- Is it true that cats hate dogs?
- Why is nature so therapeutic?
- Why do ants and bees live in colonies?
- Why do pets good for kids?
- Can only people create music?
- Why are butterflies attracted to fire?
- Why are dogs so faithful?
- Why do cats love boxes?
- Are microbes useful or harmful for human beings?
- Describe the nature of the allergy. Why do some living beings have it while others don’t?
- Do parrots really speak?
- Why some breeds of animals succumb to training (dogs, bears) and others are not (hens, snakes)?
- Why is poaching so common? How can people stop it?
- Do trees and plants have a kind of consciousness?
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Look for images or metaphors that the author uses consistently. What other sort of pattern can you identify in the text? How do you interpret this pattern so that your reader will understand the book, essay, poem, speech, etc. better?
What philosophical, moral, ethical, etc. ideas is the author advocating or opposing? What are the consequences of accepting the author's argument?
Explain how the work functions as a piece of rhetoric--how does the author attempt to convince his or her reader of something? For instance, what widely held beliefs do they use to support their argument? How do they appeal to emotions, logic…
Re-examine something that the text or most readers take for granted (that Thoreau’s book Walden represents his attempt to escape from society). Question this major premise and see where it takes you
Ask yourself if an author’s literary argument is inconsistent with itself or is in some way philosophically "dangerous," inadequate, unethical, or misleading.
Examine how characters are presented in a story. How do they help the main character to develop? Which characters are trustworthy? Which are not? Why are they presented this way?
Structure: How the parts of the book or essay follow one another; how the parts are assembled to make a whole? Why does the author start where they start, end where they end? What is the logical progression of thought? How might that progression be intended to affect the reader What effect might this progression of ideas have on a generic reader or on a reader from the time period in which the work was written? Does the piece move from the general to the specific or vice versa?
If you could divide the book/essay into sections, units of meaning, what would those sections be? How are they related to each other? Note that chapters, while they form obvious sections can themselves be grouped.
Referring to the text: In writing analytic papers that address any kind of literature, it is necessary to refer to the text (the specific words on the page of the book) in order to support your argument. This means that you must quote and interpret passages that demonstrate or support your argument. Quotation is usually stronger than paraphrase. Remember also that your purpose in writing an essay is not merely to paraphrase or summarize (repeat) what the author has said, but to make an argument about how the make their point, or how they have said what they have said.
Language: includes the way an author phrases his or her sentences, the key metaphors used (it’s up to you to explain how these metaphors are used, why these metaphors are appropriate, effective, ineffective, or ambiguous). Is the way a sentence is phrased particularly revealing of the author’s meaning?
Please title your paper and make the title apt and enticing--I LOVE a good title. It puts me in a good mood before I start reading.
Be clear about whether you’re writing about a book, an essay (non-fiction, short prose), a story (short fiction) a poem, a novel (book-length fiction), an autobiography, a narrative (as in Captivity Narratives) etc. Walden is a book comprised of chapters. Each of these chapters could also be called an essay. Within these essays, Thoreau sometimes tells stories. The book itself is not a story, but closer to a narrative, which is non-fiction.
Always go through at least two drafts of you paper. Let your paper sit, preferably for 24 hours between drafts sometime during the process of your writing.
Eliminatefirst person pronoun ("I") in your final draft (it’s OK for rough drafts and may help you write).
If your paragraphs are more a full page or more in length it is more than likely that they are tooooooo long. Probably you have too many ideas "in the air" at once. Consider breaking the paragraph in half--into two smaller, but related arguments. Your reader needs a break, needs more structure in order to be able to follow your meaning.
If several of your paragraphs are exceedingly short (4-5 lines), it is likely that you are not developing your ideas thoroughly enough--that you are writing notes rather than analysis. Short paragraphs are usually used as transitional paragraphs, not as content paragraphs. (Short paragraphs can be used in the rhetorical devise of reversal where you lead your reader down a certain path (to show them one side of the argument, the one you are going to oppose) and then turn away from that argument to state the true argument of your paper.)
Employ quotation often.One quotation per argumentative paragraph is usually necessary. Depending upon the length and complexity of the passage or topic you're dealing with, more quotations may be useful to prevent you from getting too far away from the text. Your quotations combined with your interpretations are your proof. Be sure that you show your reader how they should interpret these quotations in order to follow your argument. (Almost every quotation should be followed by an interpretation, a deeper reading of what is being said and how its being said. This interpretation demonstrates how the quotation supports the claim you're making about it). Pay attention to metaphor, phrasing, tone, alliteration, etc. How is the author saying what they are saying--what does that teach us about the text?
Remember to write directive (sometimes called "topic") sentences for your paragraphs. The first sentence of any paragraph should give your reader an idea of what the paragraph is going to say and how the paragraph will connect to the larger argument. It should have more to do with what you have to say about the materials than what the author him or herself has said.
Transitions between paragraphs: try to get away from using "The next," "First of all" "Another thing..." to connect your paragraphs. This is the "list" method of structuring a paper--not an integrated, logical approach. A really strong transition makes the logical connection between paragraphs or sections of a paper and gives the reader a sense that you’re building an argument. To make sure you are making a well-connected argument, ask yourself how the last sentence of each paragraph and the first sentence of the next are connected. Each of the sentences within your paragraphs should be related somehow (follow from, refer to, etc.) the one that precedes it, and the one which follows it. This will help the reader follow the flow of your ideas. The order of your paragraphs should reveal a developing argument.
On the most basic level, you should be able to consciously justify the presence and placement of every word in every sentence, every sentence in every paragraph, every paragraph in every essay. To repeat: in revising your papers after the first draft (which is always, inevitably to some degree confused because you are involved in the process of working your ideas out), you should be highly conscious of what you are doing and why you are doing it.