Equality Of Opportunity In Education Essay

Essay on Equality in Education

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Equality in Education

Many believe that the greatest source for a nations strength is to provide equal education for all of its students. However, are we as educators short-changing our female students? I believe the answer to this question is an undeniable, Yes! There are different ways and methods to change this problem in our society; hence we must first examine the source of the corruption.

The greatest resources for any country are the educated people that it produces. According to the census taken in the year 2001 in the United States, half of our countrys population is made of women. These strong souled beings have the power and cognitive ability to compete equally and fairly with their male counterparts in any area of…show more content…

Our girls are getting the message that boys are better capable of handling different tasks, and therefore, need to be trained by giving them more responsibilities. I bet that Madeline Alberight or Dr. Elizabeth Verba did not accept this philosophy in life. Such methods of thinking reduces a girls self esteem and decreases her chances of getting a higher education and fulfilling goals of becoming world leaders, scientists, inventors, educators or even good mothers.

Whether a person looks at achievement scores, curriculum design, or even the most basic of all, teacher and student interactions, it is clear that gender makes a tremendous difference in the nations public elementary and secondary schools. Our schools have a responsibility to prepare both boys and girls for full and active roles in the family, the community and the work force. Whether we look at these issues from a political, economical or social perspective, it is essential to remembers that girls are one half of our future. As educators, it is critical to move our daughters and sisters from the back of the classroom, to the center and front. We must give them the knowledge and courage to fly. To fly meaning, the self-esteem and encouragement and also the curriculum that does not reinforce the message: A womans place is in the kitchen. We must give our daughters the power to break racial and gender barriers and capability in educating ones self in a

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It is an accepted working policy of all the democratic nations to make provision for equal opportunities. As Dr. Radhakrishnan had pointed out long back “Democracy only provides that all men should have equal opportunities for the development of their unequal talents”.

The Indian Con­stitution also as per the articles 15, 16, 17, 38 and 48, guarantee that the State shall not discriminate between persons on account of their religion or region and caste or class. The Preamble of the Constitution also assures equality to all the citizens. It means that our Constitution is committed to the principle of equality and accepted it as an article of faith.

It is in tune with this spirit of the constitution the Education Commission has observed thus: “One of the important social objectives of education is to equalise opportunity, enabling the back­ward or underprivileged classes and individuals to use education as a lever for the improvement of their condition.

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Every society that values social justice and is anxious to improve the lot of the common man and cultivate all available talent must ensure progressive equality of opportunity to all sections of the population. This is the only guarantee for the building up of an egalitarian and human society by which the exploitation of the weak will be minimised.”

Need for Equalisation of Educational Opportunities:

The equalisation of educational opportunities is essentially linked with the equality notions in the social system. The social system which intends to provide equal opportunities for the advance­ment of all has to make provision for equal educational opportunities also. The need for emphasising the equality of opportunity in the education arises for various reasons. They may be cited here.

1. Equality of educational opportunities is needed for the establishment of egalitarian society based on social equality and justice;

2. It contributes to the search for talents among all the people of a nation;

3. It is essential to ensure rapid advancement of a nation;

4. It is needed for the successful functioning of a democracy. Educated and enlightened people alone can ensure a meaningful democracy, and

5. It helps to develop a closer link between manpower needs of a society and the availability of the skilled personnel.

Problems Concerning Equality of Opportunities in Education:

Education is of great help in establishing equality and ensuring social justice no doubt. But the system of education itself can add to the existing inequalities, or at least perpetuate the same. This has been the major problem in providing equal educational opportunity for all. Inequalities of educa­tional opportunities arise for the following reasons.

Causes for the Inequalities of Educational Opportunities:

1. Inequalities of educational opportunity occur due to the poverty of a large number of people. The poor cannot afford to meet the expenses of education.

2. Children in rural areas studying in poorly equipped schools have to compete with the chil­dren in urban areas where there are well-equipped schools. The poor exposure of rural children may lead to their poor performance.

3. In the places where no primary, secondary or collegiate educational institutions exist, chil­dren do not get the same opportunity as those who have all these in their neighbourhood.

4. Wide inequalities also arise from differences in home environments. A child from a rural household or slum does not have the same opportunity as a child from an upper class home with educated parents.

5. There is wide sex disparity in India. Hence, girls’ education is not given the same encour­agement as boys.

6. Education of backward classes including scheduled castes and tribes and economically backward sections is not at par with that of forward communities or classes.

Suggestions for Reorganising Educational System for Providing Equality of Educational Op­portunity in India:

The Government of India has been striving to achieve the target of providing equal educa­tional opportunities to all the people. Some suggestions could be cited in this regard. These sugges­tions may be of some help in reaching the target.

1. In order to reap the fruits of education and also to remove the prejudices and biases, adult illiteracy has to be removed by launching appropriate programmes.

2. By following a “policy of protective discrimination” all efforts must be made to increase the opportunities for education to all the weaker sections of the society like the scheduled castes, sched­uled tribes, backward communities and even women.

3. Honest attempts be made to provide compulsory education to all the children at least upto 14 years. No one should be made to suffer for want of educational opportunity and facilities.

4. The higher educational chances should be extended to all on merit.

5. Education Commission suggests that for equalisation of educational opportunity the fol­lowing measures may be adopted:

(a) Education should be made tuition free for all immediately at the primary and secondary levels and in course of time, at the university level at least for the needy deserving students;

(b) Free textbooks and writing materials should be supplied at the primary stage;

(c) Transport facilities should be provided to reduce cost on hostels and scholarships;

(d) Facilities for the students to earn a part of their educational expenses, that is, “earn while you learn” schemes should be developed;

(e) There should be liberal schemes for scholarships;

(f) Wide differences that are found in the educational development in different states and dis­tricts must be minimised to a desirable extent.

In the industrialised countries the idea of equality of opportunity is very firmly rooted. Halsey believes that the principle of equality has a powerful and a persistent appeal. He further points out that “its influence is reinforced in advanced society by the impersonal demands of the economy for efficiency, for a fluid labour force, and for rational allocation of jobs by tests of fitness to fill them.”

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